#WorldEnvironmentDay: A glimpse of Flora and Fauna in Bihar

#WorldEnvironmentDay: A glimpse of Flora and Fauna in Bihar

#WorldEnvironmentDay Today is 5th June and its World Environment Day. The motto of celebrating this is to encourage awareness and action for the protection of our environment. We have one Planet lets Consume with Care.

Nature and creatures have always fascinated me since my childhood. In the last 3 years, I have tried exploring the nature and wildlife of Bihar particularly in Munger district.ย 

Geographical Area covered in Bihar

Bihar ranks 12th in the country in terms of Geographical area covered within the state boundary. Geographical Area of 94,163 sq. km. , 6,473 sq. km covered with forest and 76 sq. km covered with very dense forest. Under Protected Areas area Bihar has one National Park, 11 Sanctuaries and total Projected forest area of 3,208.47 Sq. km.

Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary
At Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary

Sanctuary-National Park-Closed Area of Bihar

  1. Barela SAZS Sanctuary-Vaishali
  2. Bhimbandh Sanctuary-Munger
  3. Gogabil Pakshi Vihar-Katihar
  4. Gautambuddha Sanctuary-Gaya
  5. Kaimur Sanctuary-Rohtas
  6. Kanwar Jheel Bird Sanctuary-Begusarai
  7. Kusheshwarsthan-Darbhanga
  8. Nagi Dam Bird Sanctuary-Jamui
  9. Nakti Dam Bird Sanctuary-Jamui
  10. Rajgir Sanctuary-Nalanda
  11. Sanjay Gandhi Botanical Garden-Patna
  12. Udaypur Sanctuary-West Champaran
  13. Valmiki National Park-West Champaran
  14. Valmiki Sanctuary-West Champaran
  15. Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin-Bhagalpur
Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary
Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary

Truly saying out of the above mentioned I just visited Bhimbandh Sanctuary, Munger and Sanjay Gandhi Botanical Garden, Patna and have experienced viewing Gangetic Dolphin many a time at Ganga Ghats of Munger. Valmiki Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park is the only tiger reserve of Bihar and it forms the easternmost limit of the Himalayan Terai forests in India. Kanwar Lake is Asia’s largest freshwater oxbow lake in Begusarai.ย 

Flora & Fauna in Bihar

More than 7.27 % of the total geographical area of the Bihar is covered by natural forests. The main forest belts ranges are Kaimur, West Champaran, Rohtas, Aurangabad, Gaya, Jahanabad, Nawada, Nalanda, Munger, Banka and Jamui. 

From Kaimur Hills to the easternmost limit of the Himalayan Terai forests of Valmiki Tiger Reserve in Champaran district to hills of Jammu district, the Flora & Fauna exist in a diversified way. 

Birds of Bihar
Flocks of Birds near floodplain of Ganga

As per data given on the official website of the forest department of Bihar, Bihar is rich in wild animals like  Tiger, Leopard, Bear, Hyena, Bison, Chital, Barking Deer etc. It has many varieties of Crocodile, Magars and Fishes, Gangetic turtles in River systems. River Dolphin, The national aquatic animal of India is mostly found in in the River Ganges, Kosi, Gandak, Mahanadi and Paimar rivers of Bihar. Wetland and Bird Sanctuary also is in large number. 

Bird Sandpiper
Sandpiper near a pond in Munger District

Birds of Bihar

In my previous blog, Birds of Munger Bihar: The first-ever  incredible experience I have listed the birds that I have encountered in Bihar particularly in Munger district. They include House sparrow, Spotted Dove, Common Myna, Yellow-billed babbler, Indian Robin, Oriental Magpie Robin, Pied Myna, Golden oriole, Purple Sunbird, Brown-headed,  BarbetIndia Roller, Green bee-eater, Red-vented Bulbul, Black drongo, Shikra, White-throated Kingfisher, Rose-ringed Parakeet, Rufous Treepie: Jacobin cuckoo, Red-wattled Lapwing, Cattle Egret, Rock Pigeo,  Red-naped Ibis, Black Kite, Greater Coucal, Asian Koel, House Crow, Barn Swallow, Little Cormorant, Mallard DucPurple-rumped Sunbird, Spotted Owlet, Gery pond HeronBank Myna, Coppersmith Barbet and Flowerpecker. Know more about these birds ๐Ÿ‘‡๐Ÿ‘‡๐Ÿ‘‡๐Ÿ‘‡๐Ÿ‘‡๐Ÿ‘‡

Black-breasted Weavers

New gallery of Birds added

Afterwards, new birds added to my gallery are Red-naped Ibis, Indian Paradise Flycatcher, Common tailorbird, Tricoloured mania, Black-breasted Weavers, Sandpiper, Grey hornbill etc. More surprising is Greater Adjutant which is being sighted for the 1st time in Munger a few days back at several locations of Ganga floodplain.

Scaly-breasted munia
Scaly-breasted munia

Greater Adjutant: Greater Adjutant from the stork family is the worldโ€™s most endangered Stork mostly found in eastern Bihar and Assam and few are in Cambodia. The population size of just 1000 was reported in 1990 worldwide.ย To Know more Click ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿ‘‰ Greater Adjutant

Flocks of Tricoloured Munia and weaver

An exciting day with Aman when we show a flock of Tricoloured Munia and weaver at the Ganga floodplain near Ganga Bridge. We spent almost 4 to 5 hours in the morning and got to see some of the amazing birds including Tricoloured Munia, Scaly-breasted mania, Black-breasted Weavers, Common tailorbird and many others I could not recognise.

โ€œThe Earth will not continue to offer its harvest, except with faithful stewardship. We cannot say we love the land and then take steps to destroy it for use by future generations.โ€
โ€”John Paul II

Happy World Environment Day!!

By: Mukesh Chandra (Follow me on -> Facebook or Instagram)

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