Birds of Munger,  Bihar: The first ever incredible experience

Birds of Munger, Bihar: The first ever incredible experience

Two years of life at NIT Tiruchirappalli campus ignited the craziness of nature and wildlife in me. The following blog along with the pictures may surprise you a lot to think about the reality of nature and wildlife near you. So hold down yourself to explore this undiscovered beauty of nature and creatures around you. All the photographs in the post are genuine and are exclusively from our incredible town Munger.

This is the first time I am exploring the wildlife in Munger. Holding a camera in your hand for clicking pictures and observing birds is an awkward task here for beginners sometime.


The situation in my village is not similar. Everyone knows me well that I am a kid who roams with camera in everyone’s home backyard for searching and clicking images of wildlife and nature. I live in a village named ”Chhoti Mohuli” at Munger Sadar Block near the bank of river Ganga.

The first ever incredible experience

It was a morning of late winter month, I just woke up. It was my first morning at home after a long wait of a year when I backpacked from NITT Campus. It was a cosy and pleasant morning in the backyard of my home. The Koel’s “coo ohh coo ohh “‘ always reminds us of mimicking we used to practice along with my sister and my friends in the same backyard. Today’s morning it felt like different but I was ready to mimic again. Now, I can identify a number of birds and their calls from my backyard. The Brown-headed Barbet call ” kutroo -kutroo or pukrook – pukroo… ” is one of the most familiar sounds that is heard throughout the day, Koel’s “coo ohh… coo ohh… “‘, fluty whistle of Indian Golden oriole and chirping of Purple Sunbird and home Sparrow are some of the common birds calls l could identify from my backyard. That morning my enthusiasm for birding and photography helped me to see several beautiful creature and birds in my backyard.


Next morning energized by seeing those beauties inside the backyard of my home my brother and I decided to hike for birding into the town to explore more beautiful one. The hike was for a short interval of time around Fort Area, Kashtaharni ghat and near the Ganga Bridge. The lineup of Green bee-eater on transmission lines near Ganga, darting of little Purple Sunbird and perching of Pied mynas over the bushes of the tree inside the company garden are some of the glimpses of birding in the town we experienced that was totally incredible.


Finally, after completing the encounters over a week in the town I came up with the check-list of birds in the town. The checklist had 30-40 birds listed in it. The bird checklist is purely from our Munger and all the pictures clicked are exclusively genuine from the town. The bird checklist is purely from our Munger and all the pictures clicked are exclusively genuine from the town.


Checklist for the birds :

  1. House sparrow (गौरैया): The state bird of Bihar, the house sparrow is among the most commonly found bird species in urban cities as well as rural area and the most loved by us. The house sparrow has evolved with humans, known only to live in close contact with us, instead of forests. The last two decades, their population is on the decline in almost every city.

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  2. Spotted Dove(फाख्ता, पर्की, चित्रोक फाख्ता): People always get confused in identifying dove and pigeon. They share same features like thick and round bodies, short necks, and thin beaks, but in ornithology, a pigeon is said to be larger in size and dove are comparatively smaller.

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  3. Common Myna ( मैना):The another most common among the most seen birds is Common Mynas. They can be seen perching inside your kitchen slab in search of food and are closely associated with human habitation. Common Mynas are accomplished scavengers, feeding on almost anything, including insects, fruits and vegetables, scraps, pets’ food and even fledgeling sparrows.

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  4. Yellow-billed babbler(गयंगा, पेंगिया मैना): The Yellow-billed Babbler lives in flocks of seven to ten or more. It is a noisy bird, and the presence of a flock may generally be known at some distance by the continual chattering, squeaking and chirping produced by its members.

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  5. Indian Robin(काली चिड़ी): Again, They are often found close to human habitations. They are mainly found in dry habitats and are mostly absent from the thicker forest regions and high rainfall areas. They make their nest between rocks, in holes of the building, in hollow trees and even inside your storeroom stuffs kept ideal for long.
  6. Oriental Magpie Robin(दहियर, काली सुई चिड़िया): Male are glossy blue-black and white; white wing-patch and white in outer tail distinctive; glossy blue-black throat and breast; white below. Female: rich slaty grey, where the male is black. Magpie is one of India’s finest songsters and having rich, clear song of varying notes and tones.

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  7. Pied Myna(अबलक मैना, सिरोली मैना): Also called as Asian Pied Starling is slightly shy than the common myna and avoid coming close to humans. Pied Myan is not easily sighted near to human inhabitant.

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  8. Golden oriole(पीलक चिड़िया ): The singing bird and most incredibly striking bird on the checklist. They are very shy in nature and have a very distinct flute-like call which can sometimes sound much like their name “or-ee-ole”. They can usually be heard from quite a distance.

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  9. Purple Sunbird (फुलचूही): The purple sunbird is a small sunbird species with a slender, curved bill and a tubular tongue, which is well adapted for feeding on the nectar of flowers.

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  10. Brown-headed Barbet( छोटा कठफोड़वा): Kutroo -kutroo or pukrook – pukroo..” sound you listen throughout the day coming from the top of the tree is of this Barbet. The plumage including upper parts, wings and tail are green. The head, throat, neck and breast are brownish. There are prominent pale streaks on head, mantle and breast. 


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  11. India Roller (नीलकंठ):Sighting a neelkanth, the Indian roller bird is considered auspicious on Dussehra day. The neelkanth, which is another name of Shiva, is revered by Hindus. There’s a saying when people spot it: “Neelkanth tum neele rahiyo, dudh bhaat ka bhoj kariyo, hamri baat Ram se kahiyo”. So next time you see you must remember to repeat it.
    ©Copyright image →India Roller (नीलकंठ)
  12. Green bee-eater (पतरिंगा): Being insectivorous it mainly feeds on bees so named ”bee-eater”.They also eat butterflies, crickets, dragonflies, caterpillars and spiders. These birds make soft trilling calls, ‘trree-trree-trree’, or short, sharp alarm calls that sound like ‘ti-ic’ or ‘ti-ti-ti’.

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  13. Red-vented Bulbul (कालासिर बुलबुल): Loud and gurgly notes coming constantly from the backyard is of Bulbul. They are vocal birds and nest on small herbs and bushes of our garden.

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  14. Black drongo (कोतवाल): Aggressive and fearless in nature among the list, looks like a crow but the tail is long and deeply forked, and curves out at the end of outer tail feathers.
  15. Shikra (शिकारा): Meet the shikra, a diminutive hawk, smaller than a crow, with the fighting spirit and flying skill of a World War II Spitfire. The ladies are usually dark brown, with a delicate rusty basket-weave on the breast; gentlemen can be silvery-grey with the same patterns.
    A Shikra (शिकारा) male on left and female on right
    ©Copyright image → A Shikra (शिकारा) male on left and female on right
  16. White-throated Kingfisher (किलकिला): White-throated kingfishers is the most familiar of our kingfishers. White-throated kingfishers are common in agricultural areas, swamps, marshes, near ponds, lakes, in parklands and in mangrove swamps.
  17. Rose-ringed Parakeet(तोता): People always get confused with a parakeet and parrot. The most famous one we see around us is Rose ring Parakeet, not a parrot.
    ©Copyright image →Rose ring Parakeet(तोता)
  18. Rufous Treepie: Bold and noisy with irritating repeating calls. They can come very near to human habitation in search of food.
    A juvenile Rufous Treepie
    ©Copyright image →A juvenile Rufous Treepie
  19. Jacobin cuckoo(चातक): Probably the migrant species of the town as I spotted it only once and was lucky enough to get this clicks. In India, some subspecies of serratus is a summer breeding visitor to northern India and is believed to migrate to southern Africa.
    Jacobin cuckoo perches on a branch of tree.
    ©Copyright image →Jacobin cuckoo perches on a branch of a tree.
  20. Red-wattled Lapwing(टिटहरी): Another noisy fellow used to make loud alarm calls over day and night as ”titeeri…titeeri … ”.Also, the Hindi name came from their call only.
  21. Cattle Egret(सुराखिया) : The white coloured bird you see always following the cattle grazing in the filed is Cattle Egret. Their diet is mostly large insects, especially grasshoppers, crickets, flies; also frogs, spiders, moths.
  22. Rock Pigeon (कबूतर ): Rock Pigeons are abundant and widespread and we see them in our daily life on the street as a flock and a pet in the home.
  23. Red-naped ibis(छोटा बाझ): The migratory bird of the town also called Indian black ibis or black ibis. Glossy black plumage; slender, blackish-green, down-curved beak looks amazing.

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  24. Black Kite(चील): The big family of a bird on the checklist. The black kite is an extremely gregarious species, particularly when feeding or roosting, with several thousand birds sometimes coming together in one area.
  25. Greater Coucal(महोख): A deep “coop-coop-coop-coop-coop” with low-pitched is of Greater Coucal. They are very shy and lives in grassland, at forest edges, near cultivated areas and water. It readily perches in trees where it can clamber and hop about easily.
  26. Asian Koel(कोयल): The “coo ohh coo ohh” voice coming out from jungle often during the spring season is of an Asian Koel. The male and female look totally different. Males are glossy bluish-black like a crow with the crimson eye and female are like dark brown with white and buff spots look very pretty beautiful and appealing.
    ©Copyright image by →Asian Koel(कोयल) male
  27. House Crow (कौआ)
  28. Barn Swallow: In the evening when you see the see the sky with the birds flying in randomly is all Barn Swallow. These birds feed almost exclusively in flight, flying lower than many other swallow species and often nearly hugging the ground or water surface.
  29. Little Cormorant(छोटा पनकौवा: A water bird on the list. It was clicked during a Photowalk of Jamalpur conducted by Incredible Munger in Jamalpur Lake.

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  30. Mallard Duck:
  31. Purple-rumped Sunbird
  32. Spotted Owlet (खकूसट)
  33. Gery pond Heron
  34. Bank Myna (गंगा मैना)
  35. Coppersmith Barbet (छोटा बसन्ता)
  36. Flowerpecker

The checklist and the pictures would go more in the future. We will try to explore more migratory species which come to our town during winter. Meanwhile, if you have any other birds information from our town that could help to make more count of them Please share with us in the comment section.

Happy Birding!

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